Ears are a very crucial component in developing a child’s language ability. In the early stages of pregnancy, during the first and second trimester, the inner ear connects with the brain’s neurones in order to process sound. Throughout the process, the minuscule bones of the middle ear (which sense the vibration of sound waves) form. At around the 16th week of pregnancy, it’s likely that these structures are established enough for the baby to begin to detect limited noises, such as the gurgle of it’s mother’s stomach, and the air that moves in and out of her lungs. This shows how much an environment can affect how a baby learns a language. The more stimulation the baby gets, the more active the neurones will become. It’s shown that by the 24th week, the baby in the womb turns their head to respond to voices and noises. It is crucial to know what kind of environment you want your child to live in. The word “environment” derives from the French word “environ”, which means “surrounding”. This would include biotic factors such as human beings, plants, animals, etc. Children are affected by the interaction in their environment around them. They tend to imitate what they hear around them.

There are 5 areas children need to learn in order to efficiently develop their language abilities:

1) Phonetics

2) Vocabulary

3) Grammar

4) Discourse

5) Pragmatism

Do you want your child to develop their language ability?

1) The more frequent you interact with your child through communication, the more vocabulary they will gain.

2) Value listening to them. It is very encouraging for the child and helps them gain confidence in using the language when you carefully listen to what they have to say, regardless of how far it is from perfect. It will encourage them to practice their speaking.

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